The priorityQueue.peek() method in Java is used to retrieve or fetch the first element of the PriorityQueue. This method does not remove the head of this queue, but it returns a value that indicates whether there is a minimal element in the PriorityQueue and if one is present, it copies it and returns it. If a PriorityQueue object is given, then you can use a.queue to get the next item from the queue.
The add() method can be used to add elements into the PriorityQueue which stores them for later use. The peek() method can be used to view the first element in the queue while poll() gets and removes that same first element from the queue.
2. Why We Need Priority Queue
We need priority queues because they allow us to efficiently store and access data based on priority. They enable us to quickly find and access the most important elements in a dataset. This makes them useful for tasks such as scheduling jobs, ordering tasks, and managing resources in an efficient manner. Additionally, they are relatively simple to implement, making them easy to use in many situations.
3. Implementation Use Objects In Priority Queue
Priority Queue is an important data structure that allows us to handle elements with different priorities. It is similar to regular queues, but each item in the queue has an additional piece of information – a priority value. Enqueue() function inserts elements at the end of the queue based on their assigned priority value and items are removed from the queue according to their highest priority. Priority queues can be implemented using various data structures such as array, linked list or binary heap.